University of Melbourne : Careers Guide 2012
10 CRITICAL SKILLS The Future Work Skills 2020 report from the Institute for the Future for the University of Phoenix Research Institute has identified 10 critical skills you will need to be competitive in the workforce. 1. Sense making A smart machine will be able to do the grunt work, but it won’t be able to think and make an accurate decision – that’s where humans come in. 2. Social intelligence Robots and computers aren’t exactly emotional types, so we’ll still rely on people’s unique human ability to connect with others in a deep and direct way, and to sense and stimulate reactions in order to build trusting relationships. 3. Novel and adaptive thinking A proficiency at thinking and coming up with creative solutions and responses beyond the usual. High-skill jobs tend not to be autonomous and they frequently require flexibility and on-the-feet thinking. 4. Cross-cultural competency The ability to operate in different cultural settings. As companies go global, work teams will involve people from many different backgrounds. 5. Computational thinking As we rely more on data to help us make decisions, computational thinking skills will be necessary to use this information effectively. Employers will be looking for people who have statistical analysis and quantitative reasoning skills. 6. New media literacy Employers will look for people with sophisticated skills to assist them to present their own work through new media and make it more visually appealing. You’ll need to be able to assess and develop content that uses new media. 7. Working across disciplines Being skilled in one field of expertise will still be appreciated, but you’ll also need to work with people in other disciplines while being willing to diversify your own skill set. 8. Design mindset An ability to develop tasks and work processes for a range of different goals, recognising which tasks require particular approaches, will be desirable. 9. Cognitive load management An ability to filter through the clutter to locate and prioritise the important information you need. 10.Virtual collaboration You can work productively and make others feel engaged and part of a team, even if they aren’t physically sitting next to somebody. occupations. What’s more, just as it is easier to obtain knowledge and information through new media, it will be easier for people to share their knowledge and skills, and geography will be less of a limitation. The food sector is going through great change. Jobs now exist in new areas such as ethical farming and treatment of animals, the development of ways to protect crops and animals from disease and pests, and even farm management for overseas companies or governments that have acquired Australian farmland for their nation’s food security. Great future prospects will also crop up in every facet of the security industry – from national intelligence agencies to biosecurity, and anything to do with information security. For example, more people will be needed to install and maintain security systems, while at the other end there will be more work for forensic computer specialists who can detect and interpret hidden patterns in data. Finally, there is social media and the new service deliveries that will become possible through the National Broadband Network (NBN). Businesses are still developing methods to maximise the use of social media to compete, engage with customers and collect data. It’s a similar case with the NBN – businesses, government organisations and educators will all need innovative people who are savvy with the processes, but also creative enough to take full advantage of the potential the technology offers. The key to any career of tomorrow will be to keep looking over the horizon for the changes that are coming. No matter what your area of study or work, new jobs and new opportunities will always be there in anything that will help save time, do things faster, reduce cost, improve safety and reliability, make things easier to use or make things more sustainable and environmentally friendly. You can future-proof your career by having an open mind about the future and watching out for whatever opportunities arise in the trends developing. Most important is the willingness to keep learning and gaining new skills.